Comments of Dr. James Prest Senior Lecturer of Australian National University on State of the Nation Address by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev "New opportunities under the fourth industrial revolution"

In my view, Kazakhstan showed international leadership by hosting the Bureau International des Expositions World Expo in 2017 around the theme of Future Energy.

It is one of 176 nations that has ratified the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, recognizing both the urgent task and the massive economic opportunity provided by the transition to clean energy.

The Future Energy Expo 2017 in Astana provided a very important forum for nations to showcase their energy innovations, ideas, emerging and existing technologies and research.

In doing so Kazakhstan provided an important forum for discussion and sharing of ideas that are vital for the coming energy transition that is vital to meeting and expanding national commitments under the Paris Agreement.

The decision by Kazakhstan to move towards “enhancing energy efficiency and environmental sustainability of production operations" is the type of national level commitment that is required. For all countries, it is vital that the national commitments on climate change must meet the United Nations' MRV test – they need to be measurable, they must be internationally reported and they must be verifiable by third parties.

Kazakhstan's announcement of a target of a 30% share for alternative energy by 2030 is to be welcomed, especially if it is included within the President's commitment to the updating of environmental legislation in that country. A renewable energy target that is enshrined in legislation and supported by economic incentives is more likely to succeed that one that is solely aspirational.

The clean energy transition to a zero net emissions future represents a massive economic opportunity as well as a crucial environmental measure.

Dr. James Prest

Senior Lecturer

ANU College of Law

Executive Member, ANU Energy Change Institute

Australian National University

Created at : 1.02.2018, 15:20, Updated at : 1.02.2018, 16:00