NEW-YORK, 30 November 2017, The UN Security Council met under the agenda item “Maintenance of international peace and security", on the topic of “Destruction and trafficking of cultural heritage by terrorist groups and in situations of armed conflict".
The delegation of Kazakhstan welcomed the recent report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the implementation of Security Council Resolution 2347 (2017) regarding the protection of cultural heritage. This report has enabled Member States to study the problem comprehensively and to assess its seriousness and scope.
Kazakhstan drew the attention of the Council to the need for global action so that all UN Member States realize the importance of preserving and reviving cultural heritage, and reeiterated its strong support for implementing the relevant UNESCO Action Plan.
Italy's call for “the preservation of culture and the promotion of cultural pluralism as the key to lasting peace" was noted. Also addressed as important were the strict adherence to the sanctions regime with criminalization of illicit trafficking in cultural property. Vigilance is necessary in interaction with business associations, antiques markets and private traders. Likewise, providing appropriate documentation on artifacts and heritage sites is essential. Kazakhstan observed that positive results are possible only if the majority of Member States cooperate closely, first of all, by exchanging relevant information.
In general, the participants of the meeting of the Security Council reaffirmed that the protection of cultural heritage is an urgent task for the international community. In this regard, all Member States need to comply with and effectively implement existing legal instruments. Countries should responsibly enforce relevant UN SC resolutions.. At the same time, it was acknowledged by all that the crimes of terrorists engaged in the destruction and plundering of cultural heritage during of armed conflicts, including on the territories of Iraq and Syria, should not go unpunished.