COLLECTIVE SECURITY TREATY ORGANIZATION
Today, tremendous efforts are taken to ensure international security and stability issues. This is a challenge not only for the Central Asian region, but also for the entire international community.
One of the important tools for interacting and coordinating activities to ensure collective security in our region is the Collective Security Treaty Organization.
The principal goals of the Organization are strengthening of peace, international and regional security and stability, and protection of independence on a collective basis, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Member States.
The Organization was founded in 2002 on the basis of the Collective Security Treaty of May 15, 1992. The main activity of the Organization is a military cooperation. However, during the formation of the CSTO the fight against new challenges and threats, as well as foreign policy coordination have also been included to its functional responsibilities.
The documents of the CSTO allow purchasing weapons, military and special equipment at so-called preferential prices. It promotes the rearmament of our Armed Forces, law enforcement and special services with modern weapons and equipment significantly saving financial resources.
In recent years, the interaction in the sphere of military-economic cooperation has been increasingly important. In 2016, the Heads of Member States approved the 2018 program of military and economic cooperation and future prospects. As part of the document implementation measures, it is planned to create a network of service centers for weapons and military equipment. This will increase the potential of the domestic military industry.
In addition, Kazakhstan trains its soldiers in military universities in Russia and Belarus on a grant and concessional terms. In its turn, Kazakhstan provides the same opportunity to colleagues from Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
On a systemic basis, the different preventive operations are held to combat drug trafficking, illegal migration and crime in the information sphere. These operations called - "Channel", "Illegal Immigrant" and "PROXY".
Effective mechanisms for cooperation to ensure regional security and stability have been created in the CSTO. At the same time, Kazakhstan is one of the most active member states of this Organization. At the initiative of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Collective Rapid Reaction Force (CRRF) has been established and is systematically developing.
Currently, the CRRF is the most effective military unit created in the framework of the CSTO and employs more than 25,000 personnel. In order to improve the mobility of the CRRF, in 2015 again at Kazakhstan's initiative the CSTO created its Collective air forces.
The Organization has formed an effective system of collective security, which includes coalition and regional forces, peacekeeping forces, special purpose units of law enforcement bodies and special services, as well as emergency situations agencies. In order to improve and develop military skills of these units, as well as to practice combat coordination mechanisms on a scheduled basis, Member States carry out various joint exercises.
For the implementation of the priorities of Kazakhstan's chairmanship in 2012, CSTO Member States adopted the Anti-Drug Strategy for 2015 - 2020. The document enables joint operations to identify major drug dealers and their connections in the government, as well as to block the supply chain.
One of the priorities of Kazakhstan is cooperation in the field of information security. On December 23, 2014, the session of the Collective Security Council (CSC) of the CSTO adopted the Protocol on cooperation of the Member States of the Collective Security Treaty Organization to combat criminal activities in the information sphere.
In accordance with the initiative of the Head of State announced at the session of the CSTO CSC in December 2015, particular attention was paid to the fight against international terrorism and extremism. In October 2016, as a result of the active work of Kazakhstan's delegation, the session of the CSTO CSC adopted the List of Additional Measures of the CSTO Member States on Countering International Terrorism, and approved the Regulations on the Common List of Organizations Recognized as Terrorist in the CSTO format.
One of the key issues of the CSTO Collective Security Council's session was the approval of the 2025 CSTO Collective Security Strategy. The document defines the goals and objectives in ensuring military security and countering transnational threats and challenges, as well as the areas for further development of the collective security system.
A practical step to ensure security was the establishment of the Crisis Response Center, which was designed to provide informational and analytical, organizational and technical support for joint actions taken by the Member States to prevent crisis situations.
Since 2017 a new mechanism of rotation will be applied to the officials in the CSTO standing working bodies. Thus, in accordance with the decision of the CSC of December 21, 2015, the Secretary General of the CSTO must be a citizen of a Member State of the Organization and appointed on a rotating basis arranged in the Russian alphabetical order of their names. Given that the term of CSTO Secretary General N. Bordyuzha ends on December 31, 2016, the Heads of CSTO Member States, who met on December 26, 2016, in St. Petersburg, appointed Deputy Secretary General V. A. Semerikov to fulfill the functions of the CSTO Secretary General till the decision of the CSC regarding the CSTO Secretary General.
In general, the Republic of Kazakhstan has consistently advocated the creation of conditions enabling to counteract new threats and challenges on the basis of international law and ensure early warning and prevention of emerging threats, and eradicate their root-causes.
The activities and mechanisms conducted and established within the Organization help to make a significant contribution to the national security of Kazakhstan and the region as a whole.